Get Here free PDF download of CBSE Class 12 Economics Sample Papers and Modal Papers to score more marks in your exams. CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 Economics will give students an idea about the question paper pattern and types of questions asked in the examination. By solving these CBSE Sample Question Papers for Class 12 Economics , students get to know their shortcomings and while working on them, they will thereby improve their performance. Moreover, during exam time, students will feel more confident. As per new changes, CBSE had planned to take the exams annually. In exam is divided into five sections with 34 questions for 80 marks and the complete exam pattern that has been followed is as follows-
1. The paper contains two sections:
|Class 12 Economics Marks Distribution|
|Part A : Introductory Macroeconomics|
|National Income and Related Aggregates||10|
|Money and Banking||6|
|Determination of Income and Employment||6|
|Government Budget and the Economy||6|
|Balance of Payments||6|
|Part B : Indian Economic Development|
|Development Experience (1947-90) and Economic Reforms since 1991||12|
|Current Challenges facing Indian Economy||22|
|Development Experience of India –A Comparison with Neighbours||6|
|Theory Paper (40+40 = 80 Marks)||40|
Structure of CBSE Economics Sample Paper for Class 12 is
|Type of Question||Marks per Question||Total No. of Questions||Total Marks|
|Objective Type Questions||1||20||20|
|Short Answer Type Questions - 1||3||4||12|
|Short Answer Type Questions - 1||4||6||24|
|Long Answer Type Questions||6||4||24|
CBSE Class 12 Economics Syllabus
Part A: Introductory Macroeconomics
Unit 1: National Income and Related Aggregates ( 30 Periods )
What is Macroeconomics?
Basic concepts in macroeconomics: consumption goods, capital goods, final goods,
intermediate goods; stocks and flows; gross investment and depreciation.
Circular flow of income (two sector model); Methods of calculating National Income -
Value Added or Product method, Expenditure method, Income method.
Aggregates related to National Income:
Gross National Product (GNP), Net National Product (NNP), Gross Domestic Product
(GDP) and Net Domestic Product (NDP) - at market price, at factor cost; Real and
GDP and Welfare
Unit 2: Money and Banking (15 Periods)
Money – meaning and functions, supply of money - Currency held by the public and
net demand deposits held by commercial banks.
Money creation by the commercial banking system.
Central bank and its functions (example of the Reserve Bank of India): Bank of issue,
Govt. Bank, Banker's Bank, Control of Credit through Bank Rate, CRR, SLR, Repo
Rate and Reverse Repo Rate, Open Market Operations, Margin requirement.
Unit 3: Determination of Income and Employment ( 30 Periods)
Aggregate demand and its components.
Propensity to consume and propensity to save (average and marginal).
Short-run equilibrium output; investment multiplier and its mechanism.
Meaning of full employment and involuntary unemployment.
Problems of excess demand and deficient demand; measures to correct them -
changes in government spending, taxes and money supply.
Unit 4: Government Budget and the Economy (17 Periods)
Government budget - meaning, objectives and components.
Classification of receipts - revenue receipts and capital receipts;
Classification of expenditure – revenue expenditure and capital expenditure.
Balanced, Surplus and Deficit Budget – measures of government deficit.
Unit 5: Balance of Payments (18 Periods)
Balance of payments account - meaning and components;
Balance of payments – Surplus and Deficit
Foreign exchange rate - meaning of fixed and flexible rates and managed floating.
Determination of exchange rate in a free market, Merits and demerits of flexible and
fixed exchange rate.
Managed Floating exchange rate system
Part B: Indian Economic Development
Unit 6: Development Experience (1947-90) and Economic Reforms since 1991:
A brief introduction of the state of Indian economy on the eve of independence.
Indian economic system and common goals of Five Year Plans.
Main features, problems and policies of agriculture (institutional aspects and new
agricultural strategy), industry (IPR 1956; SSI – role & importance) and foreign trade.
Economic Reforms since 1991:
Features and appraisals of liberalisation, globalisation and privatisation (LPG policy);
Concepts of demonetization and GST
Unit 7: Current challenges facing Indian Economy ( 60 Periods)
Human Capital Formation: How people become resource; Role of human capital in
economic development; Growth of Education Sector in India
Rural development: Key issues - credit and marketing - role of cooperatives;
agricultural diversification; alternative farming - organic farming
Employment: Growth and changes in work force participation rate in formal and
informal sectors; problems and policies
Sustainable Economic Development: Meaning, Effects of Economic Development on
Resources and Environment, including global warming
Unit 8: Development Experience of India: (12 Periods)
A comparison with neighbours
India and Pakistan
India and China
Issues: economic growth, population, sectoral development and other Human
Part C: Project in Economics (20 Periods)
For preparing for board exams students can also check out
CBSE Class 12 Economics Test Papers
Important Questions for Class 12 Economics Chapter Wise
Economics Revision Notes for class 12
Why Sample Papers, Previous Year CBSE Board Papers and Important questions are important for the success in Class 12 Board Exams?
When it comes to the Economics for 12th class under the Central Board of School (CBSE) Board, it is considered to be the most important subject and immensely scoring compared to other subjects. But the irony is that Economics is considered the most daunting and dreadful subject by many students who feel this subject gives them nightmare. But the experience says that if the subject is handled and tackled properly it can fetch great dividends effectively. The in-depth understanding of fundamental concepts and practice are the two essential keys for cracking the formula of success in this subject.
How To Build Strong Foundation?
As some one has rightly said that great heights can only be attained if the foundation is strong and sturdy. This holds true for Economics subjects also because if basics are clear, then All the problems are solved with ease only.
One can follow few tips mentioned below for strengthening the basic concepts:
Practice Makes the Man Perfect.
For Mastering the Economics Subject, One has to go through lots of practice, Yes practicing solving lots of problems, solving numerous types of questions on each topic. Once basic concepts and fundamentals have been learnt, the next thing is to learn their applications by practicing problems. Practicing the problems helps us immensely to gauge how well we have understood the concepts.
Certain Points needs to be kept in mind while solving problems:
On ribblu.com you get lot of resource material to practice which includes sample question papers, worksheets, test papers, previous year board papers, important questions, solved papers, model papers everything free in PDF format.